Remember to "REFRESH."
Rome pt. 2: The Republicans
Cincinatus in Cincinati, Ohio.
Notice the fasces in both of these depictions.
Read Davies: pp. 153-174
Read over this outline of Republican Government: Roman Government
Pay special attention to the role of dictator and consul. This will help you better understand the next reading.
Read: Livy on Cincinatus [The Roman George Washington]: Livy-III-26-29-Cincinatus Refer to the Roman Government [above] reading so that you can understand what it means to be made a dictator. Cincinatus was the ideal Roman Republican. He was called upon to serve as dictator. He accomplished the task at hand. He retired back to his farm. He didn't seek glory, wealth, more power, or favors for his family. He served Rome. Period. [...at least that is the story.]
Read: Harris- Pirates of the Mediterranean- Terror in 68 BC
Read Davies pp. 174-192.
Read about Hannibal and the 2nd Punic War. Hannibal.htm Look closely at the battle tactics.
Read this: Chariot Racing
Read pp. 3 -15, the section by Plutarch (ca. 46-120 AD) titled “On Eating Flesh.” Plutarch-Morals-Flesh_and_Moon-2.7.pdf (PDF-pages15-28) Here is an essay on meat and the boundaries of the human diet that is quite similar to arguments for vegetarianism you might hear now-a-days. Notice the type of world he describes back in the old days. There is much more information in this reading than just trivia about food.
[Optional: Oct._4,_2009-Burger_Maddness-NYTimes- Moss-"E. Coli Path Shows Flaws in Beef Inspection." So you want to eat cheap ground beef?]
Write: "Essay": Due Wednesday. Remember, I want you to have done 3 assignments by Week 7 (10/21/2009). Write a 1-page (or more), single-spaced essay (or the equivalent in another medium) that engages the assigned readings for this week. You could focus on a particular issue from one of the readings that interests you or you could take a broader approach and synthesize all the readings into one essay. I'm impressed when you can refer to readings from previous weeks and I am impressed when you can incorporate the optional readings that I post. Remember to cite sources including a reference to the reading itself.
Ideas: Look into Roman republicanism and compare it to our government. Compare Cincinatus to a modern hero. Look further into Roman clothing. Look into textiles and leathers and other crafts. Critically analyse the Harris article. Is it really terrorism as we define today? Find modern examples of Hannibal's military tactics. Compare meat eating then to now. Here is an article from this weekend on meat that might be used as ammunition for Plutarch's arguments: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/04/health/04meat.html. The Davies readings cover all sorts of things that could be expanded into an essay or project. Show me how you think. Show me what you think. Don't bore me.
I'll be talking about this map either this week or next week. Feel free to look over these notes and the map itself. It's quite interesting.
PeutingerMapLectureNotes.htm (This is a link to information on Agrippa’s or Peutinger’s Map.)
You all can figure out the citations for this week. I'm tired of doing it.
The coins below were both issued in 54 BC by M. Junius Brutus, the one who helped kill Caesar. He claimed to be somehow related to the original Republican Brutus, Lucius Junius Brutus, the man who overthrew the kings back in 509 BC. The fate of the 1st century BC Brutus, or so the story suggests, was once again to overthrow the monarchy, this time in the form of Julius Caesar.
It was generally considered in poor taste to issue coins with pictures of yourself on them, so it was awfully convenient that in this example that both men were named Brutus and both were republicans. I cannot imagine that this not-so-subtle allusion was lost on those who saw these coins. Emperors would generally issue coins with the heads of the previous emperors on them. [I guess you could call this humility.]
This coin depicts Lucius Junius Brutus the original Republican.
Lucius Junius Brutus with lictors carrying fasces.
This coin was issued by the Issued 54 BC.
Here is an illustration showing how coins were struck in Roman times.
If your aim wasn't perfect, the coin image would be off-center as is evident in the coins shown above.
The seated man uses tongs to hold the punch die over the anvil die, with the metal flan [blank coin] between them. The standing man strikes the ensemble with a hammer. London, Museum of London. Credits: Barbara McManus, 2008. [I imagine the hammer was significantly bigger than the one shown. Even gold is pretty hard stuff.]
Interesting review of a new graphic novel about the history of mathematics: Logicomix
Lucy has been undercut: 4.4 vs. 3.2 million years old. Wilford-Fossil Skeleton From Africa Predates Lucy
Back to Syllabus [EuroHist-HHS123-F09]
My email – HHS123F09@mifami.org
Excellent detailed photos of the Ara Pacis.
Special Presentations by ....
Patrick Rutz on Ancient musical issues.
Mike Olohan [I think it's Olohan... it might be Smith... You know who you are] on Roman roads, bridges, and machines... or whatever he thinks looks good.
Exam Review Materials
HHS123-RomanEmpire,Pompeii-5MB.pdf – this covers Aeneas to Late Empire... it is woefully incomlete.