Here is a short bibliography on mostly Roman roads, bridges and machines.


Read over the chapters on roads and bridges in the Hill PDF.


Read over parts that interest you of pp 409-435 in the Humphrey book of primary source stuff. Feel free to explore more of this book.  There are lots of interesting things in it.


Also look over the Vitruvius and the Macaulay.PDFs and see what looks interesting.  The Vitruvius is an excellent primary source and the Macaulay (in Italian) has some nice pictures and details.


Then just find an article or two from the rest of the things below and figure out something interesting to present.  You are the judge of what is interesting. Remember, don't present everything you discover... only present that which you think is the most interesting. 


Davies, Hugh E. H. "Designing Roman Roads." Britannia 29 (1998): 1-16. Davies-DesigningRomanRoads.pdf [441kb]


Fracchia, Helena. "An Ancient Route in Southeastern Lucania." American Journal of Archaeology 90, no. 4 (1986): 441-445.

               -It is generally believed that ancient roads in Magna Graecia were not paved. On a recently discovered ancient route in southern Lucania, seemingly in use from protohistoric times to the third century B. C., road paving was found. The pavement resembles closely a paving type seen on roads identified with ancient routes in Greece. Considering the settlement pattern and history of the area as well as comparanda for road construction in both Greece and Italy, it is possible to suggest a general date for the use of this type of pavement.  Fracchia-AncientRoute-725kb.pdf



Hill, Donald Routledge. A History of Engineering in Classical and Medieval Times. New York: Routledge, 1997. Hill-HistoryOfEngineering-Bridges-Roads-8.5MB.pdf


Humphrey, John William, John Peter Oleson, and Andrew N. Sherwood. Greek and Roman Technology : A Sourcebook : Annotated Translations of Greek and Latin Texts and Documents. London ; New York: Routledge, 1998.  Humphrey_ed.-Greek-RomanTech-Excerpts-ConstructionTransportationHemp-15.8MB.pdf


Macaulay, David. La Citta' Romana. Roma: Nuove Edizioni Romane, 1978.  -Text is in Italian... if you can't read it the pictures are worth a look.  Shows how the Romans planned and constructed things.  Macaulay_ExcerptsCittaRomana-2.5MB.pdf


Ober, Josiah. "Edward Clarke's Ancient Road to Marathon A. D. 1801." Hesperia 51, no. 4 (1982): 453-458.  Ober-AncientRoadMarathon-845MB.pdf


Perkins, J. B. Ward. "Etruscan and Roman Roads in Southern Etruria." The Journal of Roman Studies 47, no. 1/2 (1957): 139-143. Perkins-EtruscanRomanRoads.pdf [603KB]


Vitruvius, Dewar, Howe, and Rowland. Ten Books on Architecture (De Architectura Libri Decem). Translation from the Latin and commentary by Ingrid D. Rowland. Additional commentary by Michael J. Dewar. Illustrations and commentary by Thomas Noble Howe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999 (from first century B. C.).  Illustrations that go with the text are at the back of the PDF.  Vitruvius-Book10-Machines-10.8MB.pdf


Ward-Perkins, J. B. "Etruscan Towns, Roman Roads and Medieval Villages: The Historical Geography of Southern Etruria." The Geographical Journal 128, no. 4 (1962): 389-404. Ward-Perkins-EtruscanRomanRoads.pdf  [I'm not sure what's up with this name... same as the Perkins above... ???]