For the Week of 11/5/08 |

Assignment 10

Early Newton

~~It is Tuesday night and you
finally have gotten this far in the assignment pageÉÉ~~

~~Tuesday! Guess where you should be right
now! You could read your
assignments while waiting in line.~~

~~Tuesday is the election. ~~

~~If you want the right to
complain for the next 2, 4, or 6 years, this is the ticket.~~

__Read__ Westfall pp. 19-109.

__Choose__ from these two. (I apologize for the poor quality of
these PDFs.)

__Read__ ÒPure MathematicsÓ by Anderson
and Bos:

Andersen-Bos_CambridgeEarlyModCh28PureMath-5.5MB.pdf

or

Read "From Alchemy To
ÔChymistryÕÓ by William Newman:

Newman_FromAlchemyToChemCh21-4.5MB.pdf

Citations to the
above readings and additional references for souped up homework.

Andersen, Kirsti, and Henk J. M.
Bos. "Pure Mathematics." In *The Cambridge History of Science: Early Modern
Science (1490-1730)*, ed. Katharine Park and Lorraine Daston, pp. 696-723.
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Andersen-Bos_CambridgeEarlyModCh28PureMath-5.5MB.pdf

Boyer, Carl B. "The History
of the Calculus." *The Two-Year College Mathematics Journal* 1, no. 1 (1970):
60-86. Boyer wrote the book on the
history of the calculus, but this is a very condensed essay on the same topic. Boyer_HistoryofCalculus-2.3MB.pdf

Dobbs, Betty Jo Teeter. *The Foundations
of Newton's Alchemy : Or, "The Hunting of the Greene Lyon"*.
Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1975. –You may find
this in the library. It is a
classic that stirred up a lot of scholars. Below are a couple of articles she wrote.

Dobbs_NewtonAlchemyandTheoryMatter-668KB.pdf
– see article for citation information.

Dobbs_Newton_as_Final_Cause-328KB.pdf
– see article for citation information.

Kahn, David. "Secrets of
Nature : Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe." In *Secrets of Nature
: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe*, ed. William R. Newman and
Anthony Grafton, ?-?? Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2001. Kahn-Newman-Grafton-Rosicrucian_Hoax-9.7MB.pdf

Koestler, Arthur. *The Sleepwalkers
: A History of Man's Changing Vision of the Universe*. New York: Macmillan,
1959. There is a section on Newton
in this book that you already own.

Manuel, Frank Edward. *A Portrait of
Isaac Newton*. Da Capo Press pbk. ed. The Da Capo Series in Science. New
York, N.Y.: Da Capo Press, 1990. – You may find this in a library near
you. This also got people all
riled up.

McGuire, J. E., and P. M.
Rattansi. "Newton and the 'Pipes of Pan'." *Notes and Records of the Royal Society of
London* 21, no. 2 (1966): 108-143. McGuire-Rattansi_NewtonPipesOfPan-1MB.pdf

-Included in this article is a
short part on music in relation to Newton's alchemical hobbies.

Meli, Domenico Bertoloni.
"Mechanics." In *The Cambridge History of Science: Early Modern Science (1490-1730)*,
ed. Katharine Park and Lorraine Daston, pp. 632-695. New York: Cambridge
University Press, 2006. to be posted É

Newman, William R. "From
Alchemy To "Chymistry"." In *The Cambridge History of Science: Early Modern
Science (1490-1730)*, ed. Katharine Park and Lorraine Daston, vol. 3,
497-517. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Newman_FromAlchemyToChemCh21-4.5MB.pdf

Newman, William, and Issac
Newton. "Newton's Clavis as Starkey's Key." *Isis* 78, no. 4 (1987): 564-574. Newman-Newton_Clavis_Starkey_Key-676KB.pdf

Park, David Allen. *The How and the
Why : An Essay on the Origins and Development of Physical Theory*.
Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988. This PDF has a couple of appendices that derive NewtonÕs
theorem involving centripital acceleration, the lunar orbit, KeplerÕs law of
areas, and conic justification. ParkAppendices-756KB.pdf

Shapiro, Alan E. "Artists'
Colors and Newton's Colors." *Isis* 85, no. 4 (1994): 600-630. Shapiro-Artists_Colors_Newtons_Colors.pdf

Shapiro, Alan E. " The
Evolving Structure of Newton's Theory of White Light and Color." *Isis* 71, no.
2 (1980): 211-235. Shapiro-Evolving_Structure_Newton_White_Light_color-700KB.pdf

Struik, Dirk Jan. *A Source Book in Mathematics, 1200-1800*. Source Books in the History of the
Sciences. Cambridge, Mass.,: Harvard University Press, 1969. Struik_ed.-Newton-Gregory_BinomialSeries-1.8MB.pdf

-This
the derivation of the binomial series. This was hugely important to the
development of the calculus. If
you want to give it a shot. Go for
it. Read it over and try to figure
out how it all fits together.

Westfall, Richard S. *Never at Rest: A
Biography of Isaac Newton*. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1982. Images on this page are from this book. This is the unedited version of the
book we are reading in class. I
have posted this PDF of Chapter 4 from this book. It is the mathematical chapter and has descriptions of the
first moments of the calculus (differential and integral) and various other
derivations of interest. A walk
through of one of these mathematical monents could make a good souped up essay.
If you want more material like this, I can hook you up. Westfall_Ch4_Never_at_Reft-6.4MB.pdf [See also the Park (above) for similar
material.]

Westfall, Richard S. *The Life of Isaac
Newton*. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. You should own this.

Newton working out some numbersÉ..

This
image is discussed on p. 53 of Westfall reading.

Here
is a drawing of the style of telescope discussed ca. p. 81 in the Westfall
reading.

Back to Syllabus [SciRev Fall
2008]

Me – scirevf08@mifami.org

Newton supposedly drew a
portrait of Donne on the wall of his domicile in Grantham.

Donne wrote the original ÒFor
Whom the Bell Tolls.Ó

ItÕs a nice poem if you need a
break. The whole idea of
collective humanity reminds me of Averroestic or Platonic world-soul stuff that
we discussed several weeks ago.

John Donne (1572-1631): Meditation 17:
Bell Tolls

News of Note:

Notice how the Copernican
heliocentric paradigm is the only one entertained today.

What is the reason that a
Ptolemaic/Platonic/Aristotelian-Geocentric model is not even considered?

Madrigal-Wired-2008-Nearby
Solar System Looks Like Our Own at Time Life Formed

These articles courtesy of
Gregory Hollin

Scientists
Record Music of the Stars

People still think this is worth
pursuing.

First: Sound cannot travel
through the ÒvacuumÓ of space, therefore what we are hearing is certainly based
on some other vibratory phenomenon.
Now, when translating generic vibratory information into an audio track,
you have to decide what sort of instrument to play it on. So my question is: Why wouldnÕt it
sound like a Star Trek sound effect?
For that matter why not an 18^{th}-century orchestra or a band
of kazoos?

Here is a __really__
interesting animation of the heart in action:

http://gizmodo.com/5068073/3d-virtual-heart-so-real-doctors-own-hearts-go-pitter-patter

The second video is particularly
good. This second video is also
available at the following sites:

Here is a link Glassworks site.
Click on ÒPlayÓ to see another movie:glassworks.co.uk/search_archive/jobs/heartworks/index.shtml

Here is the Heartworks site: Heartworks

Review Materials:

Anderson_and_Newman-Notes-Review-84KB.pdf
[Chaotic notes]

This PDF is a
combination of several notes and PowerPoint things. It is chaotic.
It is applicable for some Ass11 topics too.

Newton-Notes-Reviews-5.5MB.pdf

Posted: 12/6/08 5:07
PM