Additional Materials of Interest

 

 

Below are some things that you might find of interest. 

Some of this stuff might be useful as a source for a paper.

The In Our Time radio programs are particulary fun.  If you use them as sources in a paper, take careful notes and cite them as best as you can. 

 

 

Sources on Syllabus from Grant SourceBook refers to

-Grant, Edward, ed. A Source Book in Medieval Science. Source Books in the History of the Sciences. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.

 


Week 1 materials

 

Moyer, Ann E. The Philosophers' Game: Rithmomachia in Medieval and Renaissance Europe, with an edition of Ralph Lever and William Fulke, The Most Noble, Auncient, and Learned Playe (1563). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2001. In the Republic Plocrates writes, "let your children's lessons take the form of play."

 

Moyer, Ann E. "The Astronomer's Game: Astrology and University Culture in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries." Early Science and Medicine 4 (1999): 228-250. [in JSTOR]  Again, in the Republic Plocrates writes, "let your children's lessons take the form of play."

 

- Pp. 33-50 from Navon, Robert. The Pythagorean Writings: Hellenistic Texts from the 1st Cent. B.C.-3d Cent. A.D. On Life, Morality, and the World : Comprising a Selection of the Neo-Pythagorean Fragments, Texts, and Testimonia of the Hellenistic Period, Including Those of Philolaus and Archytas.  Great Works of Philosophy Series; Vol. 3. Kew Gardens, N.Y.: Selene Books, 1986.  Navon-PythagoreanWritingsExcerpts-1.9MB.pdf  If you like the weird numerology, this is for you.

 

- Paper on the quadrivium Newsome-Quadrivium-8.1.09-4.3MB.pdf  ca.14pp single spaced

 

- Bragg, Melvyn. "Pythagoras." In Our Time. Radio Program. London: BBC, 2009.  Here is a link to the web page for this episode on the BBC site, but it doesn't always stream the show, but it does give you information about the show and who the guests are... etc., IOT-Pythagoras.  Because the BBC site is unreliable for streaming audio, here is a link to the MP3 file of this episode that you can download and listen to on your computer or other device if you don't want to bother with streaming.  IOT_ Pythagoras.mp3 [19.2MB] - The Pythagoreans were an odd bunch.

 

- Bragg, Melvyn. "The Music of the Spheres." In Our Time. Radio Program. London: BBC, 2009.  [45 minutes]  This covers some Pythagorean and Platonic material as well as extensions of this idea into later history.  Here is the BBC site for this episode, with an overview and list of guests: BBC Site-Music of the Spheres.  Here is the mp3 IOT_ The Music of the Spheres.mp3 [19.3MB].

 

- Mathiesen, Thomas J. "Greek Music Theory." In The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory, ed. Thomas Street Christensen, 109-135. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.  Mathiesen-AncientMusicTheory-Cambridge.pdf [4.4MB]

 

 


Week 2 Materials

 

- Arikha, Noga. Passions and Tempers: A History of the Humours. New York: HarperCollins, 2008.

 

- Nutton, Vivian. "Humoralism." In Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine, edited by W. F. Bynum and R. Porter, vol. 1, 281-291. New York: Routledge, 1997.

 

- Bragg, Melvyn. "The Four Humors." In Our Time. Radio Program. London: BBC, 2009.  [45 minutes]. Here is the BBC site for this episode, with an overview and list of guests and other information: link.  This is one of my favorite episodes of all time. Here is the actual audio file for download: IOT_ Four Humours.mp3.

 

- Bragg, Melvyn. "Stoicism." In Our Time. Radio Program. London: BBC, 2005.  [45 minutes].  In Our Time-Stoicism.mp3

 

- Hankinson, R. J. "Stoicism and Medicine." In The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics, edited by Brad Inwood, 295-309. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Hankinson-StoicMedicine-Cambridge-376KB.pdf

 

- Rocca, Julius. "Anatomy." In The Cambridge Companion to Galen, edited by R. J. Hankinson, 242-262. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

- Debru, Armelle. "Physiology." In The Cambridge Companion to Galen, edited by R. J. Hankinson, 263-282. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Both Rocca and Debru chapters from the The CC to Galen:

Rocca and Debru-Anatomy-Physiology-Cambridge_Galen.pdf

 

-Paracelsus- pp. 226-236 on the men who live in different elements.  Paracelsus-4_Treatises-excerpts-ElementalMen.pdf

 

-Nutton, Vivian. "Humoralism." In Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine, edited by W. F. Bynum and R. Porter, vol. 1, 281-291. New York: Routledge, 1997.  Nutton-Humoralism-CEHoM.pdf [3.3 MB]

 

 

 


Week 3 Materials

 

-Ben-Zaken, A. Reading Hayy ibn Yaqzan: A Cross-Cultural History of Autodidacticism.  History of Science: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.  In particular, Chapter 3, "Defying Authority, Denying Predestination, and Conquering Nature."

 

-Hughes, Aaron W. The Texture of the Divine : Imagination in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Thought. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.

 

-Quiggle Jr., Doyle, R. "Ibn Tufayl's Hayy Ibn Yaqdan in New England: A Spanish-Islamic Tale in Cotton Mather's Christian Philosopher?" Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory 64, no. 2 (2008): 1-32.  Ibn Tufayl makes an unexpected appearence in the writings of Cotton Mather, the infamous promoter of the Salem Witch Trials. 

 

-Russell, G. A. "The Influence of 'The Philosophus Autodidactus' : Pocockes, John Locke, and the Society of Friends." In The ' Arabick' Interest of the Natural Philosophers in Seventeenth-Century England, edited by G. A. Russell, p. 224-265. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1994.

 

-Toomer, G. J. Eastern Wisedome and Learning: the Study of Arabic in Seventeenth-Century England. Clarendon Press, 1996.

 

-Grosseteste, Robert, and Clare C. Riedl. Robert Grosseteste On light (De luce).  Mediaeval philosophical texts in translation,. Milwaukee, Wis.: Marquette university press, 1942.

 

-Benedek, Thomas G. "Beliefs about Human Sexual Function in the Middle Ages and Renaissance." In Human Sexualilty in the Middle Ages and Renaissnace, edited by Douglas Radcliff-Umstead: University of Pittsburgh Publications.

 

-Fleming, Donald. "Galen on the Motions of the Blood in the Heart and Lungs." Isis 46, no. 1 (1955): pp. 14-21.

 

-Galen. Galen on the Usefulness of the Parts of the Body  [De usu partium]. Translated by Margaret Tallmadge May. 2 vols. Cornell publications in the history of science. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1968.

 

-Lavin, Marilyn Aronberg, and Miriam I. Redleaf. "Heart and Soul and the Pulmonary Tree in Two Paintings by Piero della Francesca." Artibus et Historiae 16, no. 31 (1995): 9-17.

 

-Longrigg, James. Review of "Galen on Bloodletting." The Classical Review 38, no. 1 (1988): 19-21.  The book being reviewed looks very interesting, but the reviewer makes some interesting observations.

 

-Siegel, Rudolph E. Galen on Sense Perception. New York: S. Karger, 1970.

 

-Siraisi, Nancy G. Medieval & Early Renaissance Medicine: An Introduction to Knowledge and Practice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

 

-Wise, Steven. Review of Anita Guerrini's "Experimenting with Humans and Animals: From Galen to Animal Rights." Isis 95, no. 3 (2004): 476-477.

 

 

 


Week 4 Materials

 

Ruthea suggested this program, "From Jesus to Christ: The First Christians," produced by Frontline: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/religion/.

 

Fuchs, L. De historia stirpium commentarii insignes. Apud Audoenum Parvum sub Lilio Aureo, 1546?- PDF avaliable from GoogleBooks.  Illustrated guide to plants with commentary on medicinal properties.

 

 


Week 5 Materials

 

Most of the following are on Socinianism and other Protestant variations: Most can be fourn in JSTOR, GoogleBooks, or the library.

 

Marshall, John. John Locke : Resistance, Religion, and Responsibility. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

 

Tully, James. A discourse on property : John Locke and his adversaries. Cambridge [Eng.] ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

 

Jolley, Nicholas. "Leibniz on Locke and Socinianism." Journal of the History of Ideas 39, no. 2 (1978): 233-250.

 

Reedy, Gerard. "Socinians, John Toland, and the Anglican Rationalists." The Harvard Theological Review 70, no. 3/4 (1977): 285-304.

 

Tinsley, Barbara Sher. "Sozzini's Ghost: Pierre Bayle and Socinian Toleration." Journal of the History of Ideas 57, no. 4 (1996): 609-624.

 

Wallace, Dewey D., Jr. "Socinianism, Justification by Faith, and The Sources of John Locke's The Reasonableness of Christianity." Journal of the History of Ideas 45, no. 1 (1984): 49-66.

 

Brock, Peter. "Dilemmas of a Socinian Pacifist in Seventeenth-Century Poland." Church History 63, no. 2 (1994): 190-200.

 

Manuel, Frank Edward. The Religion of Isaac Newton. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.

 

Priestley, Joseph. Disquisitions relating to matter and spirit : to which is added The history of the philosophical doctrine concerning the origin of the soul, and the nature of matter, with its influence on Christianity, especially with respect to the doctrine of the pre-existence of Christ. 2 vols. The 2nd ed. Birmingham: Printed by Pearson and Rollason for J. Johnson ... London, 1782.

 

Willis, Thomas, and Solomon Diamond. Two Discourses Concerning The Soul of Brutes Which is that of the Vital and Sensitive of Man. Gainsville, FL: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1971.

 

Hartley, David, Joseph Priestley, and Pre-1801 Imprint Collection (Library of Congress). Hartley's theory of the human mind, on the principle of the association of ideas; with essays relating to the subject of it. London,: J. Johnson, 1775.

 

Barclay, R., Collection Miscellaneous Pamphlet, and W. Penn. The anarchy of the Ranters, and other libertines: the hierarchy of the Romanists, and other pretended churches, equally refused and refuted, in a two-fold apology for the church and people of God, called in derision, Quakers. Wherein they are vindicated from those that accuse them of disorder and confusion on the one hand, and from such as calumniate them with tyranny and imposition on the other.  Early English books online: Printed by Mary Hinde, 1771.

 

Rev. Thomas Edwards (Presbyterian)- Gangraena: or a Catalogue and Discovery of many of the Errors, Heresies, Blasphemies (1646) -describes 100s of sects.

 

Ann Hughes' Gangraena and the Struggle for the English Revolution (2004)

 

Christopher Hill, The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas During the English Revolution (1972). Classic on Ranters and such....

 

Michael Mullett, Radical Religious Movements in Early Modern Europe.

 

Alistair Hamilton, The Family of Love, (Cambridge, 1981)- free love sects?

 

John W. Martin, "Elizabethan Familists and English Separatism," Journal of British Studies 20, no. 1 (Fall 1980): 53-73.

 

John W. Martin, "Family of Love in the Diocese of Ely, " Studies of Church History, Vol. IX: Schism, Heresy, and Religious Protest (Cambridge: 1972), 213-22.

 

 


Week 6 Materials

 

-Lucretius Carus, Titus. On the Nature of the Universe (De rerum natura). Translated by R. E. Latham. New York: Penguin, 1978 (1st Century B.C.).

 

-Brown, Alison. "Lucretius and the Epicureans in the Social and Political Context of Renaissance Florence." I Tatti Studies: Essays in the Renaissance 9 (2001): 11-62.

 

-Greenblatt, Stephen. The swerve : how the world became modern. 1st ed. New York ; London: W.W. Norton, 2011.

 

-Plutarch. Plutarch's Morals. Trans. from the Greek by several hands. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1870.

 

-Bracciolini, Poggius, and Niccol˜ Niccoli. Two Renaissance Book Hunters: The Letters of Poggius Bracciolini to Nicolaus de Niccolis. Translated and commentary by Phyllis W. G. Gordan. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

 

-Algra, Keimpe, M. H. Koenen, P. H. Schrijvers, and Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen. Lucretius and his intellectual background : [proceedings of the colloquium, Amsterdam, 26-28 June 1996]. Amsterdam ; New York: Koninklijke Nederlandse Adademie van Wetenschappen, 1997.

 

-Gillespie, Stuart, and Philip R. Hardie. The Cambridge companion to Lucretius.  Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.  Lots of good essays in this volume.

 

-LŸthy, Christoph. "The Fourfold Democritus on the Stage of Early Modern Science." Isis 91, no. 3 (2000): pp. 443-479.

 

-Packman, Zola Marie. "Ethics and Allegory in the Proem of the Fifth Book of Lucretius' "De Rerum Natura"." The Classical Journal 71, no. 3 (1976): 206-212.

 

-Sedley, D. N. Lucretius and the transformation of Greek wisdom. Cambridge [England] ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

 

-Wallace, Richard. "'Amaze Your Friends!' Lucretius on Magnets." Greece & Rome 43, no. 2 (1996): 178-187.

 

-Yates, Frances Amelia. Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic tradition. [Chicago]: University of Chicago Press, 1964.

 

 


Week 7 Materials

 

-Meinel, Christoph. "Early Seventeenth-Century Atomism: Theory, Epistemology, and the Insufficiency of Experiment." Isis 79, no. 1 (1988): pp. 68-103.

 

-Wilson, Catherine. The Invisible World: Early Modern Philosophy and the Invention of the Microscope.  Studies in Intellectual History and the History of Philosophy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995.

 

-Gillespie, Stuart, and Philip R. Hardie. The Cambridge companion to Lucretius.  Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.  Lots of good essays in this volume.

 

-Bracciolini, Poggius, and Niccol˜ Niccoli. Two Renaissance Book Hunters: The Letters of Poggius Bracciolini to Nicolaus de Niccolis. Translated and commentary by Phyllis W. G. Gordan. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

 

- Scott, Wilson L. "The Significance of "Hard Bodies" in the History of Scientific Thought." Isis 50, no. 3 (1959): 199-210.  Great essay.

 

-Marsak, Leonard M. "Bernard De Fontenelle: In Defense of Science." Journal of the History of Ideas 20, no. 1 (1959): 111-122.

 

-Marsak, Leonard M. "Cartesianism in Fontenelle and French Science, 1686-1752." Isis 50, no. 1 (1959): 51-60.

 

-Fontenelle. A Week's Conversation on the Plurality of Worlds By Monsieur Fontenelle. 2nd ed. London: Printed for A. Bettesworth, 1728.  [Translated from the French.]

 

- Katritsky, Linde. "Coleridge's Links with Leading Men of Science." Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 49, no. 2 (1995): 261-276.

 

- Feingold, Mordechai. "A Jesuit among Protestants:  Boscovich in England c. 1745-1820." In R.J. Boscovich; Vita e Attivita Scientifica; His Life and Scientific Work, edited by Piers Bursill-Hall, 511-526. Roma: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 1993.

 

- Hall, A. Rupert, and Marie Boas Hall. "Newton's Theory of Matter." Isis 51, no. 2 (1960): 131-144. Hall-Boas_NewtonMatterTheory-1.8MB.pdf

 

-Hall, Marie Boas, and A. Rupert Hall. "Newton's Electric Spirit: Four Oddities." Isis 50, no. 4 (1959): 473-476. Hall-Boas_NewtonElectricSpirit-412KB.pdf

 

-Hutchison, Keith. "Is Classical Mechanics Really Time-Reversible and Deterministic?" The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44, no. 2 (1993): 307-323. Hutchison-Is_Classical_Mechanics_Time-Reversible-1.8MB.pdf

 

-Kargon, Robert. "Walter Charleton, Robert Boyle, and the Acceptance of Epicurean Atomism." Isis 55, no. 2 (1964): pp. 184-192. Kargon_Charleton,Boyle,EpicureanAtomism-1.1MB.pdf

 

-Agassi, Joseph. "Leibniz's Place in the History of Physics." Journal of the History of Ideas 30, no. 3 (1969): 331-344. Agassi-Leibniz_Place_History_Phsics-1.4MB.pdf

 

-Newsome, Daniel. "Desegregations of Mechanics: Identical and Coincidental Motions in Quantum Mechanics." Bard College Senior Thesis for Physics Degree, 2001.  NewsomeDesegMechs-6.4MB.pdf  There is a section in this on Boscovichian theory as it could be applied to quantum mechanics and an appendix or two which discuss some issues of classical mechanics.  Get rid of all those pompous quotations at the beginnings of chapters, and it isnÕt too bad, just really dense.

 

-Newsome, Daniel. "The Reception of the Theory of Boscovich in the British Isles: 1760-1850." 44, 2003. Newsome-Boscovich_Reception-draft-1MB.pdf.  This paper was never really fully revised.  There is some good stuff on the Priestley-Boscovich argument on the materiality of the soul, but there are some real clunkers in this one. 

     

-Sabra, A. I. Theories of Light: From Descartes to Newton. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981. Reprint, 1967 first ed.  This is chapter 5 on FermatÕs Principle of Least Time which I waved my hands at in the last class. Sabra_Ch5_FermatLeastTime_Theories_of_Light-3.2MB.pdf

 

-Scott, Wilson L. "The Significance Of "Hard Bodies" In the History of Scientific Thought." Isis 50, no. 3 (1959): 199-210. Scott,Wilson-Significance_of_Hardbodies-436MB.pdf

 

-Williams, L. Pearce. Michael Faraday, a Biography. New York,: Basic Books, 1965. Williams-Faraday-ch2.PDF

 

-Zinsser, Judith P. "Translating Newton's 'Principia': The Marquise Du Chatelet's Revisions and Additions for a French Audience." Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 55, no. 2 (2001): 227-245.  Zinsser-Translating_Newtons_Principia_Chatelet-1MB.pdf

                -In the 1740s, the Marquise du Chatelet (VoltaireÕs lover) translated Newton's Principia (1731, third edition) into French. Hers remains the standard translation. In addition, she wrote an extensive commentary in which she gave her own description of the System of the World, and analytical solutions to key disputed aspects of Newton's theory of universal gravitation. She also included summaries of two mathematical essays that clarified and confirmed Newton's application of his theory to observed phenomena: Alexis-Claude Clairaut's on the shape of the Earth and Daniel Bernoulli's on the effects of the Sun and Moon on the tides.

 


Week 8 Materials

 

Bragg, Melvyn. 2005. "Alchemy," In Our Time, BBC. Audio, http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p003k9bn (accessed Feb., 24, 2005). IOT- Alchemy-IOT_ Alchemy.mp3 [16.8 MB]

 

Bragg, Melvyn. 2004. "Witchcraft," In Our Time, BBC. Audio, http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p004y2b0 (accessed Oct. 21, 2004).  IOT-Witchcraft- IOT_ Witchcraft.mp3 [14.4 MB]

 

Agricola, Georgius. De re metallica. Translated by Herbert Clark Hoover and Lou Henry Hoover. London: The Mining Magazine, 1912.

 

Biringuccio, Vannoccio. The Pirotechnia of Vannoccio Biringuccio. Translation and Notes by Cyril Stanley Smith and Martha Teach Gnudi. New York: M.I.T. Press, 1966. Reprint, The American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers, 1942.

X.2- pp. 409-416 on Gun Powder.  Some of this was assigned for Week 8's readings.  Check the syllabus for link to excerpts.

 

Debus, Allen G., and Michael Thomson Walton, eds. Reading the Book of Nature: the Other Side of the Scientific Revolution. Kirksville, Mo.: Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, 1998.

Particularly interesting chapters by...

Walton- Genesis and Chemistry in 16th c.- in Debus, pp. 1-14

Newman-Alchemical and Baconian Views in Debus, pp. 81-90

Clulee- John Dee and the Paracelsians- in Debus ed. book.  pp. 111-132

Principe Diversity in Alchemy- Calveus DuClo in Debus' book. pp. 181-200- looks best.

 

Newman, William, R. "Alchemy to "Chymistry"." In The Cambridge history of science: Early Modern Science (1490-1730), edited by Katharine Park and Lorraine Daston, vol. 3, pp. 497-517. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.  http://www.mifami.org/eLibrary/Newman_FromAlchemyToChemCh21-4.5MB.pdf

 

Newman, William R., and Lawrence Principe. Alchemy tried in the fire : Starkey, Boyle, and the fate of Helmontian chymistry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

 

Newman, William Royall, and Anthony Grafton. "Introduction: The Problematic Status of Astrology and Alchemy in Premodern Europe." In Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe, edited by William Royall Newman and Anthony Grafton, 1-37. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2001.

 

Principe, Lawrence, and William R. Newman. "Some Problems with the Historiography of Alchemy." In Secrets of Nature: Astrology and Alchemy in Early Modern Europe, edited by William R. Newman and Anthony Grafton, 385-432. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001.

 

Read, Jan. "Some Alchemical Engravings." The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 85, no. 499 (1944): 239-247.

 

Reti, Ladislao. "Parting of Gold and Silver with Nitric Acid in a Page of the Codex Atlanticus of Leonardo da Vinci." Isis 56, no. 3 (1965): 307-319.

 

Schaefer, Scott. "The Invention of Gunpowder." Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 44 (1981): 209-211.

 

Skabelund, Donald, and Phillip Thomas. "Walter of Odington's Mathematical Treatment of the Primary Qualities." Isis 60, no. 3 (1969): 331-350.

 

Vickers, Brian. "Analogy versus Identity: The Rejection of Occult Symbolism, 1580-1680." In Occult and Scientific Mentalities in the Renaissance, edited by Brian Vickers, pp. 95-164. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

 

Westfall, Richard S. "Newton and Alchemy." In Occult and Scientific Mentalities in the Renaissance, edited by Brian Vickers, 315-335. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

 

Smith, Pamela H. "Alchemy as a Language of Mediation at the Habsburg Court." Isis 85, no. 1 (1994): 1-25.

 

Yearsley, David. "Alchemy and Counterpoint in an Age of Reason." Journal of the American Musicological Society 51, no. 2 (1998): 201-243.

 

Dobbs, B. J. T. "Newton's Alchemy and His Theory of Matter." Isis 73, no. 4 (1982): pp. 511-528.

 

Dobbs, Betty Jo Teeter. The Janus faces of genius: The role of alchemy in Newton's thought. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

 

Dobbs, Betty Jo Teeter. "Newton's Commentary on the Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus: Its Scientific and Theological Significance." In Hermeticism and the Renaissance: Intellectual History and the Occult in Early Modern Europe, edited by Ingrid Merkel and Allen G. Debus, 182-191. Washington: Folger Books, 1988.

 

Figala, Karen. "Newton's Alchemy." In The Cambridge Companion to Newton, edited by I. Bernard Cohen and George E. Smith, pp. 370-486. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.  Attacks Dobbs' approach and theory.

 

Kibre, Pearl. Studies in Medieval Science: Alchemy, Astrology, Mathematics, and Medicine. London: Hambledon Press, 1984.

      Essay III: Albertus Magnus on Alchemy, 14pp

      Essay VII: Alchemical tract attributed to Albertus Magnus, 7pp

 

Grant, Edward, ed. A Source Book in Medieval Science. Source Books in the History of the Sciences. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.  This has a section on alchemy and chemistry with extracts from the following: Avicenna, Petrus Bonus, Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinus, and Albert of Saxony.  [We read the Albertus Magnus section for class.]

 

Livingston, John W. "Science and the Occult in the Thinking of Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya." Journal of the American Oriental Society 112, no. 4 (1992): 598-610.

 

McGuire, J. E., and P. M. Rattansi. "Newton and the 'Pipes of Pan'." Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 21, no. 2 (1966): 108-143.

 

Livingston, John W. "Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah: A Fourteenth Century Defense against Astrological Divination and Alchemical Transmutation." Journal of the American Oriental Society 91, no. 1 (1971): 96-103.

 

Mather, C., and I. Mather. The Wonders of the Invisible World: Being an Account of the Tryals of Several Witches Lately Executed in New-England.  Library of old authors: J. R. Smith, 1862.  Available from Google Books.

 

Stephens, Walter. Demon Lovers : Witchcraft, Sex, and the Crisis of Belief. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.  Super interesting and rather sordid. The chapter on the Maleus Maleficarum is a very good overview and would be a good place to start an investigation on this book (starts on p32, which is PDF-page 40).  See also a section that tells a story of witches who steal male members (starts on p300, which is PDF-page 29).   Stephens_Demon_LoversExcerpts100-4.8MB.pdf  [If you read the male organ stealing section, also read this Reuters-Congo-PenisStealingWitchesLynched-2008 and this, link]

 

Connor, James A. Kepler's Witch: An Astronomer's Discovery of Cosmic Order Amid Religious War, Political Intrigue, and the Heresy Trial of His Mother. 1st ed. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2004.   Connor_KeplersWitchCh1-2.7MB.pdf  Pp. 13-end-of-PDF is the part that sets up Kepler's mother's crime.

 

Kramer, and Sprenger. Malleus Malifacarum. written 1476, published 1487.  This needs some more citation information.  Kramer-Sprenger-Malleus_maleficarum.pdf  [This PDF is not all that easy to navigate.] This is the classic witch-hunting manual.  Find 20 or so pages of interest and read them.  This is also available online in html format here: malleusmaleficarum.org, however this site is a bit wonky.  Go to the "Contents" located in the center column and go to the 1st, 2nd, or 3rd part index and from there choose an interesting "question."  The questions in the 2nd and 3rd parts appear to be the most interesting for an introduction to witch hunting.  Those who use this as a source might also find the "WitchCondemnation1472Florence" PDF interesting as well.

 

Ross, Eric B. "Syphilis, Misogyny, and Witchcraft in 16th-Century Europe." Current Anthropology 36, no. 2 (1995): 333-337.  Ross_Syphilis,Misogyny,Witchcraft16thc-1.1MB.pdf. 

 

Briggs, Robin. Witches & Neighbours : The Social and Cultural Context of European Witchcraft. London: Harper Collins Publishers, 1996.

 

Clark, Stuart. Thinking with Demons: The Idea of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. PDF on science and witchcraft.  This is one of the more important works to have come out in the past 20 years.  It is good, but a bit dense.

 

Levack, Brian P. The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe. London ; New York: Longman, 1987.

 

Oldridge, Darren. The Witchcraft Reader. London ; New York: Routledge, 2002.  Interesting chapter on modern issues.

 


Week 9 Materials

Arithmetic and Music:

Anonymous. "Treviso arithmetic". Translated by David Eugene Smith, In Capitalism and Arithmetic: the New Math of the 15th Century, including the full text of the Treviso arithmetic of 1478, edited by Frank Swetz and David Eugene Smith. La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1987.

 

Boethius. Boethian Number Theory: a Translation of the De institutione arithmetica [ca. 6th C. A.D.]. Edited, translated, with introduction and notes by Michael Masi. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1983.

 

Caldwell, John. "The De Institutione Arithmetica and the De Institutione Musica." In Boethius, His Life, Thought, and Influence, edited by Margaret T. Gibson, 135-154. Oxford: Blackwell, 1981.

 

Capella, Martianus. Martianus Capella and the Seven Liberal Arts: The Marriage of Philology and Mercury [De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii]. Translated by William Harris Stahl and Richard Johnson with E. L. Burge. Vol. 2. 2 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977.

 

Cardano, Girolamo. The Great Art; or, The Rules of Algebra (Ars Magna). Translated by Translated and edited by T. Richard Witmer and with a foreward by Oystein Ore. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1968.

 

Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius, Nicomachus, Thomas Little Heath, R. Catesby Taliaferro, and Martin Luther D'Ooge. The thirteen books of Euclid's Elements. Chicago,: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1955.

 

Evans, Gillian R. "From Abacus to Algorism: Theory and Practice in Medieval Arithmetic." The British Journal for the History of Science 10, no. 2 (1977): 114-131.

 

Fibonacci (Leonardo Pisano). Fibonacci's Liber abaci: A Translation into Modern English of Leonardo Pisano's Book of Calculation. Translated by L. E. Sigler. New York: Springer, 2002.

 

Galilei, Vincenzo. "A Special Discourse Concerning the Diversity of the Ratios of the Diapason [Discorso particolare intorno alla diuersita delle forme del Diapason]."  Translated by Translated by Claude V. Palisca. In The Documentary Studies and Florentine Translations Camerata, edited by and trans. Claude V. Palisca, pp. 180-197. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989, original Italian ca. 1590.

 

Grant, Edward, ed. A Source Book in Medieval Science. Source Books in the History of the Sciences. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.

 

Halliwell, James Orchard, ed. Rara Mathematica, or A Collection of Treatises on the Mathematics and Subjects Connected with Them, from Ancient Inedited Manuscripts. London: Samuel Maynard, 1841.

 

Iamblichus. Theologumena arithmeticae. Translated by Greek with Latin translation., Edited by Vittorio De Falco. Leipzig, Germany: B. G. Teubner, 1922.

 

Iamblichus (Attributed to). The Theology of Arithmetic: On the Mystical, Mathematical and Cosmological Symbolism of the First Ten Numbers [Theologoumena Arithmeticae]. Translated and introduction by Robin Waterfield and with a foreword by Keith Critchlow. Grand Rapids, MI: Phanes Press, 1988.

 

Jordanus de Nemore. De elementis arismetice artis: A Medieval Treatise on Number Theory. Edited and with paraphrase by H. L. L. Busard. 2 vols. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1991.

 

Kibre, Pearl. "The Boethian 'De institutione arithmetica' and the Quadrivium in the Thirteenth-Century University Milieu at Paris." In Boethius and the Liberal Arts: A Collection of Essays, edited by Michael Masi, 67-80. Berne: P. Lang, 1981.

 

Masi, Michael. "Arithmetic." In The Seven Liberal Arts in the Middle Ages, edited by David L. Wagner, 147-168. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983.

 

Moreton, Jennifer. "John of Sacrobosco and the Calendar." Viator 25 (1994): 229-244.

 

Moyer, Ann E. The Philosophers' Game: Rithmomachia in Medieval and Renaissance Europe, with an edition of Ralph Lever and William Fulke, The Most Noble, Auncient, and Learned Playe (1563). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2001.

 

Nicomachus of Gerasa. "Introduction to Arithmetic." Translated by Martin L. D'Ooge, In Great Books of the Western World: Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius of Perga, and Nicomachus, edited by Mortimer Jerome Adler and Robert Maynard Hutchins, vol. 11, 805-848. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1984.

 

Pacioli, Luca (a.k.a. Luca Paciuolo, De Borgo San Sepolcro). "Summa de Arithmetica Geometria Proportioni et Proportionalita, F. 197r and 198v: The Division of Stakes: Latin with Facing English Translation."??? ???, no.???: 1-5.

 

Pesic, Peter. "Hearing the Irrational: Music and the Development of the Modern Concept of Number." Isis 101, no. 3 (2010): 501-530.

 

Reisch, Gregor. Margarita philosophica. Joannis Schotti Argentinen, 1504.

 

Sacrobosco, Johannes de. "De arte numerandi." In Rara Mathematica, or A Collection of Treatises on the Mathematics and Subjects Connected with Them, from Ancient Inedited Manuscripts, edited by James Orchard Halliwell, 1-26. London: Samuel Maynard, 1841.

 

Swetz, Frank, and David Eugene Smith. Capitalism and Arithmetic: the New Math of the 15th Century (including the full text of the 'Treviso arithmetic' of 1478, translated by David Eugene Smith). La Salle, IL: Open Court, 1987.

 

Waters, E. G. R. "A Fifteenth Century French Algorism from Liege." Isis 12, no. 2 (1929): 194-236.

 

IOT- Calendar, Zero, Infinity, negative, irrational...etc.


Week 10 Materials

Cusa, Nicholas. De ludo globi  (The game of spheres). Translated by Translation and introduction by Pauline Moffitt Watts.  Janus series. New York: Abaris Books, 1986.

 

Ilnitchi, Gabriela. "Musica mundana, Aristotelian Natural Philosophy and Ptolemaic Astronomy." Early Music History 21 (2002): 37-74.

 

Lemay, Richard Joseph. Abu Ma'shar and Latin Aristotelianism in the Twelfth Century: The Recovery of Aristotle's Natural Philosophy through Arabic Astrology. Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1962.

 

Copenhaver, Brian P. "How to do magic, and why: philosophical prescriptions." In The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Philosophy, edited by James Hankins, 137-169. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.  Copenhaver-How%26WhyMagic-CCtoRenPhil-Hankins_ed.pdf

 


Week 11 Materials

 

Maxwell-Stuart, P. G. The Occult in Early Modern Europe: A Documentary History.  Documents in History Series: St. Martin's Press, 1999.  Maxwell-Stuart-ed-Occult_in_Early_Mod_Europe-Astrology.pdf [12.8 MB]

 

Vanden Broecke, Steven. The Limits of Influence: Pico, Louvain, and the Crisis of Renaissance Astrology. Leiden: Brill, 2003.  VandenB-Intro-Ch1-3Pico_from_Limits.of.Influence-sm.pdf [9.4 MB]

 

 


Week 12 Materials

 

I'll post some stuff shortly...

 

 

 

 


Week 13-14 Materials

 

Leoni ed. from 1755 from Archimedes: Link. [book IX is ca. p. 272 (196)].  Here is the image version... much better: link.

 

Makdisi, George. "Muslim Institutions of Learning in Eleventh-Century Baghdad." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 24, no. 1 (1961): 1-56. JSTOR.

 

Arjomand, Said Amir. "The Law, Agency, and Policy in Medieval Islamic Society: Development of the Institutions of Learning from the Tenth to the Fifteenth Century." Comparative Studies in Society and History 41, no. 2 (1999): 263-293. JSTOR.

 

Mortel, Richard T. "Madrasas in Mecca during the Medieval Period: A Descriptive Study Based on Literary Sources." Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 60, no. 2 (1997): 236-252. JSTOR.

 

Sabra, A. I. "Situating Arabic Science: Locality versus Essence." Isis 87, no. 4 (1996): 654-670.  JSTOR.

 

Pedersen, Olaf. The First Universities: Studium Generale and the Origins of University Education in Europe. Translated by Richard North. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

 

Makdisi, George, and J. Pedersen. "Madrasa: I. The Institution in the Arabic, Persian and Turkish Lands." In Encyclopedia of Islam. Leiden: Brill, 201?.  This was part of the class reading.

 

Huff, Toby E. The Rise of Early Modern Science : Islam, China, and the West. 1st pbk. ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.  Huff seems to follow closely in Makdisi's footsteps.

 

Arts libŽraux et philosophie au Moyen Age: Actes de Quatrime Congrs International de Philosophie MŽdiŽvale. MontrŽal: Institut d'Žtudes MŽdiŽvales, 1969.

 

Dyer, Joseph. "Speculative 'Musica' and the Medieval University of Paris." Music & Letters 90, no. 2 (2009): 177-204.

 

Grant, Edward. The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional, and Intellectual Contexts. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

 

Grendler, Paul F. The Universities of the Italian Renaissance. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

 

Hauvilla, Johannes de. Johannes de Hauvilla: Architrenius. Translated by Winthrop Wetherbee. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

 

John of Salisbury [Joannes Saresberiensis]. Policraticus sive de nugis Curialium, & vestigiis Philosophorum, libri octo. Leiden: Franciscum Raphelengium, 1595.

 

Kibre, Pearl. "The Quadrivium in the Thirteenth Century Universities (with Special Reference to Paris)." In Arts LibŽraux et Philosophie au Moyen Age: Actes de Quatrime Congrs International de Philosophie MŽdiŽvale, 175-191. MontrŽal: Institut d'Žtudes MŽdiŽvales, 1969.

 

Kibre, Pearl. "The Boethian 'De institutione arithmetica' and the Quadrivium in the Thirteenth-Century University Milieu at Paris." In Boethius and the Liberal Arts: A Collection of Essays, edited by Michael Masi, 67-80. Berne: P. Lang, 1981.

 

Lemay, Richard. "The Teaching of Astronomy in Medieval Universities, Principally at Paris in the Fourteenth Century." Manuscripta XX, no. 3 (1976): 197-217.

 

McCluskey, Stephen C. Astronomies and Cultures in Early Medieval Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

 

Murdoch, John Emery, and Edith Dudley Sylla, eds. The Cultural Context of Medieval Learning: Proceedings of the First International Colloquium on Philosophy, Science, and Theology in the Middle Ages – September 1973. Boston: D. Reidel Pub. Co., 1975.

 

North, John D. "The Quadrivium." In Universities in the Middle Ages, edited by Hilde de Ridder-Symoens, 337-359. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

 

Palisca, Claude V. Humanism in Italian Renaissance Musical Thought. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985.

 

Pedersen, Olaf. The First Universities: Studium Generale and the Origins of University Education in Europe. Translated by Richard North. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

 

Rashdall, Hastings. The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages. Edited by F. M. Powicke and Alfred Brotherston Emden. Vol. 1. 3 vols. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1936.

 

Ridder-Symoens, Hilde de, ed. A History of the University in Europe: Universities in the Middle Ages. Vol. 1. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

 

Siraisi, Nancy G. Arts and Sciences at Padua: The Studium of Padua Before 1350. Toronto, Canada: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1973.

 

Tanay, Dorit. "Music in the Age of Ockham: The Interrelations Between Music, Mathematics, and Philosophy in the 14th Century." Dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, 1989.

 

Thorndike, Lynn. University Records and Life in the Middle Ages. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1944. Reprint, Columbia University Press, 1975.  We read some from this for class.

 

Weisheipl, James A. "The Place of the Liberal Arts in the University Curriculum During the XIVth and XVth Centuries." In Arts LibŽraux et Philosophie au Moyen Age: Actes de Quatrime Congrs International de Philosophie MŽdiŽvale, 209-213. MontrŽal: Institut d'Žtudes MŽdiŽvales, 1969.

 

Weisheipl, James A. "The Structure of the Arts Faculty in the Medieval University." British Journal of Educational Studies 19, no. 3 (1971): 263-271.

 

 

 

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