No Class on Tuesday, 10/11/11
In the Stevens Universe,
Tuesday is Monday.
Midterm Exam will be next week, Week 7.
You need to have completed a short and a long essay by week 7.
If you haven't done any essays, you have to do this one and the next
Ibn Tufayl's Story of Hayy
spontaneous creation of Hayy.
cartoon by me.
Read these excerpts from The Story of Hayy
ibn Yaqzan by Ibn Tufayl (ca. 1105-1185 - from Moorish "Spain").
The "Necessary Existent" is basically another way to say God in this
pp. 99-114 [starts on p. 20 of
the PDF] 15pp
explains how a person can find God by reading the book of nature and exploring
the divine within. I like to call
Medieval Islamic Natural Philosophy for Dummys. This sort of describes the internal form of jihad,
meaning an internal struggle to be good, rather than the external form which is
usually described as holy war. This was and is pretty radical stuff as it seems
to suggest that the Koran is for the masses, whereas the book of nature,
written by God, is the real deal. Similar ideas were floated in Christianity in
the 13th and later in the 17th centuries.
This sort of stuff usually runs into a lot of resistance from religious
leaders. We won't read most of it,
but I want you to get a taste.
Here is a quote from a literary translation of Genesis: “…and wetness would
well from the earth to water all the surface of the soil, then the Lord God
fashioned the human, humus from the soil, and blew into his nostrils the breath
of life, and the human became a living creature.” It is interesting to compare this with the creation of Hayy
in his perfect mud.
Read over these notes on AverroĎs just to
refresh your memory on his ideas.
Look over the whole web site for some additional
materials that may help you with this reading.
Read these excerpts from The Story of Hayy
ibn Yaqzan by Ibn Tufayl, from the PDF above.
The Necessary Existent is basically another way to say God.
pp. 121-122 [Start at bottom of
p. 121, "The first thing..."] 2pp
pp. 125-127 [Start at the top of
p. 125.] 3pp
pp. 138-140 [Start at middle of
p. 138, "Since the animal..."
pp. 142-153 [Start at bottom of
p. 142, "When it came to..."
Short Essay: You could...... draw and write: You could draw up (comic book
style) both versions of the creation of Hayy or the creations of Hayy compared
with the creation of humans in Greek mythology (Promethius) or the Biblical
version or some other version that you might be familiar with. ....or .... you could write about how
Hayy uses nature to discover various natural philosophical stuff, or God and
compare that with modern ideas... or... Go nuts and do something fun. Remember, even picture-oriented
"essays" need to have some commentary and/or analysis. If you prefer, you could just write an
essay. If you prefer you could
make a movie or update the story of Hayy and make it a modern day story of a
boy or girl, raised without humans, who discovers modern scientific ideas. Or you could go meet Hayy and talk to
Long Essay: Just make it longer and refer to some other
"Long Essay" extra material that I have posted throughout the
semester. Week 5 has a good selection that would probably be useful for this
general topic. I suggest the Four
Humors or the AverroĎs or Avicenna "In Our Time" episodes. If you do some sort of comic book, you
should have extensive smarty-pants commentary to go with it to make this a
viable Long Essay.
In addition to the sources
mentioned in the description of the long essay, here are a few more...
- You could read pp. 137-166 in
this translation of The Story of Hayy ibn Yaqzan.
This extends the story and has the ending where he meets another person.
Ibn Tufayl. Ibn Tufayl's Hayy ibn Yaqzān. Translated by Lenn Evan Goodman. New
York: Twayne Publishers, 1972. Buy viagra canada
-You could also refer to materials from
last week's readings, particularly Hyman-Walsh_eds-Islamic-PhilosophyMiddleAges.pdf
[15.8MB] and/or the IOT episodes on Avicenna and AverroĎs. See last
weeks assignment page.
-Buy montelukast 10 mg online [You will have to come up with a proper
citation for this.] You could skip
to the section on Ibn Tufayl and just read that to the end.
This is roughly the physiology that Hayy discovers.
is a synthesis of a few physiological theories, but it reflects the general
ideas presented in the Ibn Tufail reading.
the numbered sequence, 1-5, and the arrows. This is not a circulatory system, this is a one way system
one end and out the other.
This is roughly
the cosmic layout that Hayy experiences.
This is an
image from Christendom, but it differs very little (if at all) from the some of
the ideas floating around medieval Islamic lands.
Christian, Jewish, and Muslim philosophers were attracted to NeoPlatonic
emanation theory, the theory that Hayy appears to be discovering.
13th-century text called Sphere by Sacrobosco.
This was the
basic text describing the Aristotelian/Ptolemaic cosmological system used
throughout Europe in the late Middle Ages.
This woodcut from
a 16th-century edition shows the habitable earth. Notice that north is down.
Here is a more
elaborate technical illustration of the 7 zones, also from the 1531 Venice
edition of Sphere
I added some
color and notes off to the side for clarity.
Khalidi, Muhammad Ali. Medieval Islamic
Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press, 2005.
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5-5 stars based on
–If you run across an
interesting story, let me know–
starting to think.... sort of....
to Learn as We Do, a Machine Teaches Itself - NYTimes 10/4/10
philosophy does this type of thinking suggest?
Nobel Honors Work on Ultra-Thin Carbon-NYTimes 10/5/10
of [graphene] stretched over a coffee cup could support the weight of a truck
bearing down on a pencil point."
"Human Beings, as we
know them, developed from earlier species of animals."
Survey said... True, False, or Unsure?
From Owen's article, below.
Read this story
from the NY Times: Chang:
Creationism, Minus a Young Earth, Emerges in the Islamic World from Nov. 2,
Now read this: Owen-Evolution Less
Accepted in U.S. Than Other
Western Countries, Study Finds.htm
Review Materials: Review/6-GalenicHeart-IbnTufayl-Hayy.pdf