HoST Fall 2011

Week of 10/12-10/13

Back toTretinoin gel buy online

Email me: Generic valsartan cost

No Class on Tuesday, 10/11/11

In the Stevens Universe,

Tuesday is Monday.


Assignment 6

Midterm Exam will be next week, Week 7.

You need to have completed a short and a long essay by week 7. 

If you haven't done any essays, you have to do this one and the next one.

Ibn Tufayl's Story of Hayy



The spontaneous creation of Hayy.

Woodcut cartoon by me.

For Tuesday: Sleep

For Wednesday:

Read these excerpts from The Story of Hayy ibn Yaqzan by Ibn Tufayl (ca. 1105-1185 - from Moorish "Spain").

IbnTufayl-Hayy-Khalidi-CambridgeEd.pdf  [1.1MB]


Remember: The "Necessary Existent" is basically another way to say God in this context.


pp. 99-114 [starts on p. 20 of the PDF]  15pp        


      This story explains how a person can find God by reading the book of nature and exploring the divine within.  I like to call it Radical Medieval Islamic Natural Philosophy for Dummys.  This sort of describes the internal form of jihad, meaning an internal struggle to be good, rather than the external form which is usually described as holy war. This was and is pretty radical stuff as it seems to suggest that the Koran is for the masses, whereas the book of nature, written by God, is the real deal. Similar ideas were floated in Christianity in the 13th and later in the 17th centuries.  This sort of stuff usually runs into a lot of resistance from religious leaders.  We won't read most of it, but I want you to get a taste. 


            Aside: Here is a quote from a literary translation of Genesis: “…and wetness would well from the earth to water all the surface of the soil, then the Lord God fashioned the human, humus from the soil, and blew into his nostrils the breath of life, and the human became a living creature.”  It is interesting to compare this with the creation of Hayy in his perfect mud.


Read over these notes on AverroĎs just to refresh your memory on his ideas.


Look over the whole web site for some additional materials that may help you with this reading.


For Thursday:

Read these excerpts from The Story of Hayy ibn Yaqzan by Ibn Tufayl, from the PDF above.


Remember: The Necessary Existent is basically another way to say God.


pp. 121-122 [Start at bottom of p. 121, "The first thing..."] 2pp

pp. 125-127 [Start at the top of p. 125.] 3pp

pp. 138-140 [Start at middle of p. 138, "Since the animal..."  2pp

pp. 142-153 [Start at bottom of p. 142, "When it came to..."  11pp


Short Essay:  You could...... draw and write: You could draw up (comic book style) both versions of the creation of Hayy or the creations of Hayy compared with the creation of humans in Greek mythology (Promethius) or the Biblical version or some other version that you might be familiar with.  ....or .... you could write about how Hayy uses nature to discover various natural philosophical stuff, or God and compare that with modern ideas... or... Go nuts and do something fun.  Remember, even picture-oriented "essays" need to have some commentary and/or analysis.  If you prefer, you could just write an essay.  If you prefer you could make a movie or update the story of Hayy and make it a modern day story of a boy or girl, raised without humans, who discovers modern scientific ideas.  Or you could go meet Hayy and talk to him... etc.


Long Essay:  Just make it longer and refer to some other "Long Essay" extra material that I have posted throughout the semester. Week 5 has a good selection that would probably be useful for this general topic.  I suggest the Four Humors or the AverroĎs or Avicenna "In Our Time" episodes.  If you do some sort of comic book, you should have extensive smarty-pants commentary to go with it to make this a viable Long Essay.



In addition to the sources mentioned in the description of the long essay, here are a few more...


- You could read pp. 137-166 in this translation of The Story of Hayy ibn Yaqzan.  This extends the story and has the ending where he meets another person.

     Ibn Tufayl. Ibn Tufayl's Hayy ibn Yaqzān. Translated by Lenn Evan Goodman. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1972.  Buy viagra canada


-You could also refer to materials from last week's readings, particularly Hyman-Walsh_eds-Islamic-PhilosophyMiddleAges.pdf [15.8MB] and/or the IOT episodes on Avicenna and AverroĎs. See last weeks assignment page.


-Buy montelukast 10 mg online  [You will have to come up with a proper citation for this.]  You could skip to the section on Ibn Tufayl and just read that to the end.



:::::Words:Daniel's Papers and Notes:Galen to Mondino :Heart Pictures:Galenic_Heart_diagram.jpg

This is roughly the physiology that Hayy discovers.

This is a synthesis of a few physiological theories, but it reflects the general ideas presented in the Ibn Tufail reading. 

Follow the numbered sequence, 1-5, and the arrows.  This is not a circulatory system, this is a one way system –

in one end and out the other.


:::::Ibn Tufayl Project:Hayy-cosmos-diagram.jpg

This is roughly the cosmic layout that Hayy experiences. 

This is an image from Christendom, but it differs very little (if at all) from the some of the ideas floating around medieval Islamic lands.

Numerous Christian, Jewish, and Muslim philosophers were attracted to NeoPlatonic emanation theory, the theory that Hayy appears to be discovering.



From a 13th-century text called Sphere by Sacrobosco. 

This was the basic text describing the Aristotelian/Ptolemaic cosmological system used throughout Europe in the late Middle Ages. 

This woodcut from a 16th-century edition shows the habitable earth.  Notice that north is down.



Here is a more elaborate technical illustration of the 7 zones, also from the 1531 Venice edition of Sphere by Sacrobosco.

I added some color and notes off to the side for clarity.




Khalidi, Muhammad Ali. Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings.  Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.


Back toBuy tretinoin .1 online



Email me: How can i buy viagra pills


Generic bupropion sr Venlafaxine cost australia

SILDENAFIL - ORAL (sill-DEN-uh-fil) COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Kamagra. This medication is used to treat male sexual function problems (erection problems).

Kamagra oral jelly in melbourne and Sydney for $150 each. There is also a new version of Viagra for $180. If your favorite NFL team has been slacking on the recruiting trail lately, you can blame it on poor academic support for football players by their high school administrators. According to two reports published on Wednesday, Ohio State's football team's academic support has been an entire lotta hit and miss over the last few years. On February 17th, the U.S. Department of Education announced it had conducted a full review into whether high schools in Ohio are adequately supporting athletes, and if so, which practices they might be deficient in. The results of review, which was handed over to former Ohio State President and National College Football Hall of Famer James Dickey, Kamagra 90 Pills 100mg $361 - $4.01 Per pill were not pretty for Columbus students. According to a report from the Cleveland Plain Dealer, "Ohio State produced a dismal graduation rate for its football players in 2012 -- 45 percent fact far worse than the 50 percent mark produced by all but one other Big Ten team." Dickey's report also found Columbus schools with academic support issues have a particularly tough time getting those kids to graduate. The Plain Dealer explains, "According to the school's own records, 90 percent of the players were deemed ready to take their final exams that fall, well over the 80 percent graduation rate that Ohio State mandated itself. And only 35 percent of a team 1,100 graduate." Even though Ohio State's graduation rate of 50 percent is better than most Big Ten schools, when it comes to academic support for athletes, it has lagged in the past. Plain Dealer points out that Ohio State has not yet implemented a plan to strengthen its football academic support, yet, "the athletic department has made strides." In 2011, Dickey's report revealed that of the top 50 athletic programs in all of college football, Ohio State's football team was ranked No. 53 in its department of academic support. One year later, it has dropped to No. 61. Dickey's report concluded that the school's "efforts to enhance academic support remain modest." When Dickey's report came along, several coaches and players took to social media with complaints and expressed their disbelief about the situation. In the end, Dickey's report will probably make it tougher for Ohio State to keep winning in 2012. According to the Plain Dealer's report, university is looking at the possibility of "reducing its scholarship allotment, which currently is 5,400 for football and 2,700 the rest of its athletic programs with an additional 700 allotted each to the golf and track teams." This article or section may require a cleanup. Please discuss this issue on the talk page and/or begin editing the page. The New Order of Battle, otherwise known as the New Order, is a military organization introduced in Mass Effect 2. The order was founded by Admiral Hackett comment prendre kamagra oral jelly 100mg to serve as an intergalactic police force for the Andromeda Initiative, and was led by Commander Shepard when the Initiative was formed. Alliance, a splinter faction of the New Order, was established after the destruction of Prothean Beacon on Migrant Fleet and was later established to oversee security on Remnant by the Protheans. Contents show] Overview Edit Background Edit The New Order was established in the wake of mysterious Prothean Beacon that Station, Remnant's largest interstellar picked up on its first scan. It was later revealed that the beacon was actually a disguised as Prothean relic, which the civilization used as a beacon, and not its original beacon. The beacon was used by Reapers to send an advanced message, ordering the galaxy's other civilizations to stop making contact with the Galactic Alliance and begin their own colonization research programs. The beacon continued broadcast even after the Protheans lost Dexamethasone oral solution cost control of Beacon after the Reaper invasion in 2186 CE. This message was the cause of Rachni Civil War, or Reapers targeting humans (and the Alliance for aid), which culminated in the Rachni Wars. 2187 CE, began attacking the Alliance fleet based at Beacon, using Reaper technology to destroy most Alliance ships in orbit. Shepard, command of a single Alliance ship, took command of the New Order and led first mission to confront the Rachni on her home planet of Elysium VII. Later that year, in response to increasing tension between the Alliance and Rachni, Admiral Hackett promoted from to grand admiral, and authorized an Alliance invasion of Rachni space. Hackett hoped to eliminate the Rachni threat, but plan was scuttled when the Rachni and Alliance sides reached a ceasefire on the planet Tuchanka. Due to hostile history between the Alliance and Rachni, it is unknown if the.

Kamagra 40 Pills 100mg $161 - $4.03 Per pill
Kamagra 40 Pills 100mg $161 - $4.03 Per pill
Kamagra 60 Pills 100mg $241 - $4.02 Per pill
Kamagra 80 Pills 100mg $321 - $4.01 Per pill
Kamagra 90 Pills 100mg $361 - $4.01 Per pill

Triberg im SchwarzwaldKamp-LintfortKönnern

Kamagra oral jelly for sale uk

  • kamagra 100mg oral jelly 5mg
  • kamagra oral jelly 4
  • kamagra oral jelly uk next day delivery
  • kamagra oral jelly vol 3
  • kamagra oral jelly in melbourne
  • kamagra oral jelly for sale australia
  • kamagra oral jelly for

Kamagra oral jelly uk next day delivery from india with free delivery no hassle to usda Kamagra Basket Delivery Services are the ideal solution to deliver your uk india Kamagra products straight to your door the instant you order. Order your Kamagra Online delivery and you won't have to deal with a long waiting time while the package is transported to USA. Shipping Kamagra is delivered in a sealed vacuum pack, no extra cost, you can collect it from any corner of the world with shipping cost of less than US$4 for shipping. All uk order over 100kg are delivered by plane free of charge. We accept orders from all over Europe and you will have a choice of delivery carriers for your order. We hope you like our Kamagra delivery services best! We also have instant delivery solution for your uk orders like kamagra online direct delivery service with free to uk for online orders over 100kg. For orders under 100kg UPS will deliver on same day (for orders over 100kg), there is no extra charge and waiting time while you will receive your uk online shipping Buy viagra need prescription by UPS with no obligation. Kamagra Online delivery services cost about 0.50 $ Kamagra is a patented drug product in the United States, so only patients who are insured by insuring health insurance company can purchase this drugs. It's more important for you to find the appropriate insurance for your order. Kamagra Basket Delivery Kamagra Basket Delivery is the best solution for your order of Kamagra online delivery service. Here you can choose any delivery service for your order including UPS. Kamagra Basket delivery is the most efficient choice to deliver uk products from India. In this day and age, there are many online delivery options like UPS, DHL, Fedex, TNT that provides good and reliable delivery service. In order to save your time, if you want to choose delivery company for your order, you may make a short quiz, you may visit Our website will guide you on the best delivery agencies for your order. How can you select an online delivery company like UPS UPS is one of the biggest and most experienced online delivery companies that can provide you the best delivery solution for you. The UPS is widely used in the US, and your delivery will arrive the same day. UPS will not only provide best delivery solutions to your order, but also bring it to you for free. What is Kamagra Online delivery means? Kamagra online delivery will deliver your order within 24 hours. You are just asked send an email to the address you have provided and your order will be ready at your doorstep. Do you need courier service? If you don't like to order your uk products through our website, you may choose a courier service for delivery to your home or office for an extra charge or to save your on time. There is a myth that you are likely to have more sex when you marry someone who is 'smarter'. Whilst there probably some truth to that, it does not explain why marriages take only a few years to 'break up'. Of course, this myth is not unique. What makes the mistake of saying something as ignorant and damaging 'you're probably getting bored with your mate because you are drug store online shopping getting wiser' is our current culture. In modern Western society, everyone (except those who can afford to pay extra be a member of church) will have the same kind of job and have the same kind of life. So, no matter what your current relationship situation is, you'll be expected to 'have a life' and find other people to have sex with without any thought or responsibility. A simple example of this is to think two single people, who are both well educated, but their income is less than the average. When they meet, one of them asks the other: "So tell me, do you plan on moving to a small town and start business, or do you plan on having a good job and going to bed early?" The answer from first person is 'I will probably either move to a small town or go to bed early and have no idea of where I will live.' The same thing is true for many marriages: the couple that has more money does not plan to enjoy sex or be sexually active, and couples who have same-sex partners do not sex with the same person. People think that they are more in love if one of them has lots sexual partners: 'So I thought you were going to have sex with her this weekend, so I bought you a beer at breakfast. Wow! She must be amazing, he said when I gave her a.

  • Kamagra in Terrace
  • Kamagra in Chilliwack
  • Kamagra in Griffith

  1. Kamagra 100mg generic viagra for sale
  2. Where can i buy zovirax online
  3. Buy zyprexa online uk
  4. Acyclovir cheap online
  5. Priligy or dapoxetine

Kamagra Oral Jelly For Sale Uk
5-5 stars based on 497 reviews

< Generic amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium :: Acheter xenical en ligne en france >

Interesting Sciencey News

–If you run across an interesting story, let me know–

Computers are starting to think.... sort of....

Lohr-Aiming to Learn as We Do, a Machine Teaches Itself -  NYTimes 10/4/10

Who's philosophy does this type of thinking suggest?



Overbye-Physics Nobel Honors Work on Ultra-Thin Carbon-NYTimes 10/5/10

"[A] sheet of [graphene] stretched over a coffee cup could support the weight of a truck bearing down on a pencil point."



:::HoST:HoST Fall 07 Web:Ass12 Darwin:Class materials:060810-evolution_big.jpg

"Human Beings, as we know them, developed from earlier species of animals." 

Survey said...  True, False, or Unsure?

From Owen's article, below.


Read this story from the NY Times: Chang: Creationism, Minus a Young Earth, Emerges in the Islamic World from Nov. 2, 2009.


Now read this: Owen-Evolution Less Accepted in U.S.  Than Other Western Countries, Study Finds.htm


Review Materials:  Review/6-GalenicHeart-IbnTufayl-Hayy.pdf [6.9 MB]