Syllabus [HoST Fall 2008]

For the Week of 11/19/08

Assignment 12

                                                                                    Tomas Munita for The New York Times

Workers collect guano on Isla GuaĖape off Peru, which conserves the resource to

prevent depletion. Guano's status as an organic fertilizer has increased demand.

Gunpowder to Fertilizer


Working Conditions in an Industrialized World


Look Over Chapter 15 in McClellan and Dorn (Chapter 14 in old editions).  Closely read a few parts that interest you.


Read this article from the New York Times: Romero-NYT-GuanoPeru-428KB.pdf  4pp


Look over Chapter 6 in Bown, just to get an idea of what it was about.  Then…

Read Chapters 7 and 8.  40pp


Read Leigh pp. 74-86 from Chapter 3: Leigh-Ch3-Worlds_Greatest-5.4MB.pdf

       Malthus is very important in setting the stage for Darwin.


Read this really short article by Belluz and compare it to Malthus: Belluz-Human_Evolution_Is_Over.htm.  What do you think?


Everybody read        

Andrew Ure: The Philosophy of the Manufacturers, 1835


Friederich Engels: Industrial Manchester, 1844


Then choose either Set 1 or Set 2: 

Set 1:

A. ChildLabor_And_FactoryGirl-968KB.pdf

B. Observations on the Loss of Woollen Spinning, 1794


Set 2:

A. Women Miners in the English Coal Pits

B. The Life of the Industrial Worker in Ninteenth-Century England

Slum housing in Garngad (Ireland), photographed in 1925.

A heavy cloud of polluted air hangs over the area, produced by the many heavy industrial works in the area,

such as the St Rollox Chemical Works and the Tharsis Sulphur & Copper Works.

Manchester was also known as “Cottonopolis” – ca. 1840

Write: Write a 1.5 page single-spaced essay or equivalent. Remember, all essays should have a list of sources.  Any time you refer to a source I want a page number (or similar designation for its location within a text).  I want to be able to easily find any reference you make to any source what-so-ever.  This is standard scholarly practice.  Some of you are consistently getting marked down for not making these references.


Suggestions for the essay:


      Perhaps you could write a 3-way dialogue between Ure and Engles and a 10-year-old factory worker or Upton Sinclair (If you happen to have read the Jungle in another class) or an English woman miner or a Factory Girl,… etc.  Get creative.  These people might have some rather strong feelings about this topic. Feel free to illustrate it with your conceptions of the labor and the machines and the technology.  Feel free to find images of the machines on the web.  Or perhaps you could write a dialogue between somebody then and somebody now, and they could compare notes on working conditions or harassment.  You could also write on chemistry or electromagnetic theory in the early days or the Galvani-Volta experiments and batteries… etc.


      Loosen up!  Refer to the readings I have assigned first, then if you want to read other stuff, feel free. I will reward those who go the extra mile.



Google is offering another free resource.  It is not fully up yet, but this article gives a nice preview.

Google-Rome Reconstruction Information





Back to Syllabus [HoST Fall 2008]


Me –



The majority of my lecture notes for this class have already been posted in previous pages.

You are on your own with some of the material here.


Here is a before and after comparison of the borders between Chile, Bolivia, and Peru. 

Notice how Chile (light blue) expanded, and Bolivia and Peru shrank.



Posted: 12/6/08 9:00 AM